عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Tarkhan is a Turkish term which means a free man exempt from services and secure from punishment. Such status was known among the turks and the Mongols. Chengiz khan gave this title to two men who had helped him in a very tight and dangerous situation. The Iranian sources of Mongol history have paid particular attention to this incident and later on the Ilkhanids also gave this title. Since there was not any record of this in Iran in terms of legal and civil laws, the pressence of tarkhons in Iran was very significant and was recorded in history.
However, due to developments and changes which occurred in Iran during the Ilkhanid period, the tarkhan title was used to be exempt from taxes and punishments in the court and the burocratic system.