عنوان مقاله [English]
In the solar 40s, a book titled Nations' Spirit, on the national features of 6 nations, was translated in Iran. Then it was republished including a chapter by Mehdi Bazargan titled "Iranian Compatibility", in which "compatibility"-which is mostly rooted in the hardship of agricultural life- is recognized as Iranians' long-lasting and outstanding feature. This theory considers some blameworthy moral and cultural features of Iranians arising from "Iranian compatibility", and seeks for the root of some dictatorships' stability in people's this very culture. This viewpoint has been employed by most Iranian enlightened writer to criticize Iranian culture. The present article tries to show that a correct criticism and interpretation of this theory can help rectify misunderstandings about Iranian culture. Following that, after interpreting this theory, and validating its reasons, the research methodology and its findings have been reconsidered and criticized, and some of them have been challenged. At the end, through the criticism and correction of the theory of "Iranian compatibility", the two-way theory of "Iranian compatibility-reconciliation" (useful-harmful) has been suggested. This theory can be a more efficient pattern for the analysis of Iranians' historical behaviors.