عنوان مقاله [English]
The occupation of Iran in World War II caused many problems such as insecurity, food shortages, hoarding, smuggling and inflation. In order to deal with the current crisis and the fair distribution and distribution of groceries, the government adopted the principles of rationing and distribution of voucher-based essentials so that all members of society could meet their essential needs by paying a reasonable price. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the performance of the government in the rationing and distribution of sugar and sugar coupons in World War II. The research method in this study is descriptive-analytical and the method of data collection is documentary and libraries. The results of the study show that the government has tried to provide the people with the necessary commodities at a reasonable price by adopting measures such as hiring American advisers, issuing banknotes and borrowing to buy goods and receiving quotas from the Middle East Food Supply Committee. But problems such as the production of counterfeit coupons, the sale of coupons by speculators, the emergence of the black market, the hoarding and smuggling of goods, the purchase of goods by the Allies, the shortage of means of transport, and political disagreement caused the government despite a fragmented settlement. One of the problems with the rationing method is failing to achieve the main goals.