Document Type : Research Article


Assistant Professor of History, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran


The "Justice Fund", which was later renamed the " Majlis to investigate the injustices ", is an institution established in the Nasseri era for the Shah to handle the people's petitions. , while the Shah's seriousness in studying petitions from the beginning to the end of his reign increases the possibility of its various functions. Our question is, what was the role of the " Majlis to investigate the injustices " in the Shah's relations with the governors and other dominant groups in the provinces, as well as the heads of central government departments? Also, what does the Shah benefit from the communication he established with the people with the help of this institution, apart from propaganda? Our assumption is that the Qajar court used these petitions to obtain a more accurate picture of the governing style of the provinces. He also tried to prevent the heads of central government departments from colluding with the provincial government with the news he received from these petitions. These conspiracies were both politically and economically harmful to the Shah. On the other hand, petitions caused the masses to seek help from the Shah when they were exploited by the dominant groups and to have no incentive to strengthen the popular groups. The strengthening of these groups and factions was not in the interest of the government. The theoretical framework of the research is derived from Patricia Crohn's view in describing the structure of pre-modern governments and power relations at that time.


Main Subjects

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